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Eventually, the younger pair won out, turning the older pair into monkeys. In pity, Xmucane enabled the return of the pipers and singers, the painters and sculptors, so that they live and bring joy to everyone.
Kinich Ahau is the Maya sun god, known as Ahau Kin or God G, whose defining characteristics include a "Roman nose" and a large square eye.
In frontal views, Kinich Ahau is cross-eyed and he is often illustrated with a beard, which might be a representation of the rays of the sun.
Other traits associated with Kinich Ahau are his filled incisors, and rope-like elements curling out of the sides of his mouth.
Inscribed on his cheek, brow, or another part of his body is the quatrefoil symbol of the sun. His "Roman nose" has a pair of beads at the very tip.
The identification of Kinich Ahau with decapitation and jaguars is common in Maya iconography from the Late Preclassic to Postclassic periods.
Moan Chan is the aged merchant called Moan Chan or "Misty Sky" and God L, who is most often illustrated with a walking stick and a merchant's bundle.
On one vase God L is portrayed with a broad-brimmed hat trimmed with feathers, and a raptor sits on the crown. His cloak is commonly a black-and-white design of stepped chevrons and rectangles or one made from a jaguar pelt.
Misty Sky is most often illustrated as an ancient man, stooped with age, with a prominent, beaked nose and a sunken, toothless mouth.
Occasionally pictured smoking a cigar, God L is also associated with tobacco, jaguars, and caves. Kings were considered having descended from gods and rituals of kingship were supremely important during the Mayan Classic Period.
The blood of kings was considered sacred and thus the ritual of bloodletting was common among the royalty.
Due to this sacredness of human blood, the human sacrifice of the kings also had more value and captured members of the enemy royalty were sacrificed for this purpose.
Religious rituals were also performed upon the ascension or death of a king. Mayan gods and goddesses had rich mythology associated with them in which they interacted with each other just like humans.
Important tales in the Mayan mythology concern with the creation of the earth, and the origins of various plants, the concept of time cycles, and end of the world.
Some important mythological tales include the marriage of the sun and the moon, opening of the Maize Mountain by lightening deities, and others.
They believed in making blood sacrifices to keep him happy. Find out about the Temple of the Inscriptions, the tallest and most impressive building in the Mayan city of Palenque.
Itzamn, the big cheese overall and lord of the heavens as well as night and day, could be called upon in hard times or calamities.
Who says nice guys finish last? Itzamn was always benevolent. Although second in power, Chac was first in importance as the god of rain, and by association, the weather and fertility.
To that end, Itzamna is also called by other names, including Kukulkan feathered serpent , and is represented like a two-headed serpent or even as a hybrid creature with both human and lizard or caiman like features.
Interestingly enough, much like her aforementioned male-counterpart Itzamna , Ix Chel, in the mythical narrative, was known for her dual aspect.
For example, as Goddess I, she was represented as a young and beautiful seductress who espouses fertility, marriage, and love. On the other hand, as Goddess O, Ix Chel or a deity who was similar to Ix Chel was represented as a wizened old woman who had the power to both create and destroy the earth.
Interestingly enough, in some cases, given his association to an element of the sky, the Mayan god is also regarded as an aspect of Itzamna , the aforementioned ruler of heavens.
To that end, in one mythical narrative, Ix Chel , the moon goddess, impresses him by wearing a fine woven dress, and the two finally become lovers although their relationship later turns tumultuous.
As for depictions, Kinich Ahau, befitting his regal status, was often represented with a hooked nose, squared large eyes, and even a beard in few drawings.
And like other comparable Mayan gods, he was also represented differently or in a dual manner in some codices, like an old man with crooked teeth in the Madrid Codex.
Incredibly enough, he was also associated with the jaguar , as it was believed that the sun god transformed into the feline predator during the night.
Moreover, Kinich Ahau was further venerated as the patron god of the day-unit since he embodied the sun and the Number Four.
Chaac Chac or Chaakh, also known as God B was the Mayan deity of rain — thus making him a very important deity in the agricultural civilization of the Maya.
She is noted for being the mother of the Hero Twins, Hunahpu and Xbalanque and is sometimes considered to be the Maya goddess associated with the waning moon.
God of the woods, of wild nature, and of the hunt; invoked before carving out a maize field from the wilderness.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia list article. Maize god and Itzamna. Alphabetical name listing. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press.
Retrieved 9 May Huracan was one of the most powerful Mayan deities. He was considered the god of fire, storm and wind, and was one of the prominent deities of the Mayan pantheon who played a role in creating different versions of humanity.
Mayans believed that after the gods destroyed Earth in a great deluge at the end of a previous epoch, Huracan summoned the land out of the water until it finally rose.
In Mayan depictions, he is shown as a deity with one human leg and a serpent in the place of his other leg. According to Mayan mythology , he also took part in destroying the previous failed attempts at creating humans.
Itzamna was considered the creator deity in the Mayan pantheon. He is among the most supreme Mayan deities and Mayans regarded him as the god of rulership.Mayan Gods. The Mayan people had an extensive pantheon of deities since they had a polytheistic belief system. The religion was based on a number of creation mythologies which described how humans came into being, how the world and the cosmos was created and what were the main tasks of different gods. 7/27/ · However, scholars have deciphered enough of the Mayan codices and hieroglyphics to cite the major Mayan gods. These gods are listed below, but the list is not comprehensive by any means. Itzamna. Itzamna is a creator god, one of the gods involved in creating human beings and father of the Bacabs, who upheld the corners of the world. The Mayan vision of the celestial vault was that it was supported by 4 gods called Bacabés. These 4 gods were related to the four cardinal points were next to them was a Sacred Ceiba, a tree that had given sustenance to the first men. Dual characteristics of the Mayan gods.